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Abyssinian Cat

American Wirehair Cat Breed

American Wirehair Cat Breed

Size
Medium to Large
Weight
Male: 12 to 15 pounds, Female: 8 to 12 pounds
Coat
Medium
Color
Average, considered moderately talkative and an enthusiastic purrer

Intelligent and highly adaptable, the American Wirehair is an American original, with a completely unique wired coat.

Facts

The gene behind the wired coat and whiskers of the American Wirehair resulted from a spontaneous natural mutation.

Temperament

The American Wirehair has a relaxed, loving, sweet personality, making her an ideal companion for families with children and other pets. This breed is playful, but also laid back, and keenly interested in her surroundings.

Although happy as lap cats, Wirehairs also enjoy their independence. They are considered moderately talkative and are enthusiastic purrers.
Characteristics

The American Wirehair is distinguished from other breeds by her wiry, dense coat, described as feeling like steel wool or lamb’s wool. There are several degrees of wiriness, varying from spiked to curly, with the individual hairs being crimped, hooked or bent.

The ideal Wirehair coat is dense, coarse and crimped over the whole body (including the whiskers). This coat is unique, and not genetically related to the rexed coats of Cornish Rex or Devon Rex cats.
Lifespan

7 to 12 years
Colors

American Wirehairs can be seen in all colors and patterns.

Shedding

The American Wirehair is a low-shedding breed. Because of her special, delicate coat, grooming is actually discouraged—unless she is shedding heavily, do not brush or comb her.

Regular bathing can also help remove loose hair, and any greasiness from oil secreted by the skin.
Health

The American Wirehair is a generally healthy breed. However, because these cats can be bred with American Shorthair cats, they can develop some of the health problems associated with that breed, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Best Cat Food for American Wirehair Cats & Kittens

American Wirehairs will generally thrive on the nutrition of a quality adult cat food. For Wirehairs who need help with weight management, consider a healthy weight formula.

American Wirehair kittens should eat a kitten food for their first year of life to aid in their growth and development.

History

The first American Wirehair was a surprise in a litter of six kittens born to normal-coated domestic shorthair cats in Verona, New York. He was a male with a sparse, wiry red-and-white coat—every hair, including his whiskers, was crimped.

Local cat breeder Joan O’Shea recognized the kitten’s potential, acquired him and bred him with a local female cat. The resulting kittens also had wiry coats.

A second breeding with another unrelated female also produced wiry coated kittens, establishing that the gene causing the wiry coats is a dominant gene. Further analysis by noted British cat geneticists A.G. Searle and Roy Robinson confirmed that the American Wirehair coat is unique and not genetically related to the Cornish Rex or Devon Rex.

Wirehairs were first accepted for CFA registration in 1967 and for Championship competition in 1978.

American Wirehair Cat Breed

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American Wirehair Cat Breed

American Wirehair Cat Breed

Size
Medium to Large
Weight
Male: 12 to 15 pounds, Female: 8 to 12 pounds
Coat
Medium
Color
Average, considered moderately talkative and an enthusiastic purrer

Intelligent and highly adaptable, the American Wirehair is an American original, with a completely unique wired coat.

Facts

The gene behind the wired coat and whiskers of the American Wirehair resulted from a spontaneous natural mutation.

Temperament

The American Wirehair has a relaxed, loving, sweet personality, making her an ideal companion for families with children and other pets. This breed is playful, but also laid back, and keenly interested in her surroundings.

Although happy as lap cats, Wirehairs also enjoy their independence. They are considered moderately talkative and are enthusiastic purrers.
Characteristics

The American Wirehair is distinguished from other breeds by her wiry, dense coat, described as feeling like steel wool or lamb’s wool. There are several degrees of wiriness, varying from spiked to curly, with the individual hairs being crimped, hooked or bent.

The ideal Wirehair coat is dense, coarse and crimped over the whole body (including the whiskers). This coat is unique, and not genetically related to the rexed coats of Cornish Rex or Devon Rex cats.
Lifespan

7 to 12 years
Colors

American Wirehairs can be seen in all colors and patterns.

Shedding

The American Wirehair is a low-shedding breed. Because of her special, delicate coat, grooming is actually discouraged—unless she is shedding heavily, do not brush or comb her.

Regular bathing can also help remove loose hair, and any greasiness from oil secreted by the skin.
Health

The American Wirehair is a generally healthy breed. However, because these cats can be bred with American Shorthair cats, they can develop some of the health problems associated with that breed, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Best Cat Food for American Wirehair Cats & Kittens

American Wirehairs will generally thrive on the nutrition of a quality adult cat food. For Wirehairs who need help with weight management, consider a healthy weight formula.

American Wirehair kittens should eat a kitten food for their first year of life to aid in their growth and development.

History

The first American Wirehair was a surprise in a litter of six kittens born to normal-coated domestic shorthair cats in Verona, New York. He was a male with a sparse, wiry red-and-white coat—every hair, including his whiskers, was crimped.

Local cat breeder Joan O’Shea recognized the kitten’s potential, acquired him and bred him with a local female cat. The resulting kittens also had wiry coats.

A second breeding with another unrelated female also produced wiry coated kittens, establishing that the gene causing the wiry coats is a dominant gene. Further analysis by noted British cat geneticists A.G. Searle and Roy Robinson confirmed that the American Wirehair coat is unique and not genetically related to the Cornish Rex or Devon Rex.

Wirehairs were first accepted for CFA registration in 1967 and for Championship competition in 1978.

American Wirehair Cat Breed

American Shorthair Cat

American Shorthair Cat

American Shorthair Cat

American Shorthair Cat

Size
Medium to large, with males weighing 11 to 15 pounds and females weighing 8 to 12 pounds
Coat
Short
Color
White, black, blue, red, cream and silver, plus various patterns and shadings

The American Bobtail is an athletic breed that looks like a bobtailed wildcat and has many dog-like tendencies.

Facts

The breed wasn’t called “American Shorthair until 1966, when it was given the name to distinguish it from other domestic shorthairs and random-bred shorthairs.

Because they resemble so many other domestic shorthair cats, the only way to know yours is American is with certified breed papers.

An American Shorthair was named CFA’s “Cat of the Year” in 1965, 1984 and 1996.

Temperament

She’s adaptable and good-natured, which makes her the ideal family companion. Although she loves attention from her people, including children, the American Shorthair does not like being carried and is fairly independent. She may curl up in your lap on occasion, but she may prefer to sit alongside you instead. She’ll get along fine with a cat-friendly dog, but her hunting instincts may take over with pet birds and other small animals.

Characteristics

As a working cat, American Shorthairs have a stocky, muscular build. Their muscular legs lend themselves to the American’s agility and endurance. They have a large head and full face, medium-sized ears and large, wide eyes.

Lifespan

15 to 20 years

Colors

American Shorthairs are a diverse breed with an array of colors and patterns. Silver tabby is one of the most common and popular, however.

Shedding

Your American Shorthair will shed but combing a couple times per week removes dead hair and redistributes skin oils to keep her coat shiny and prevent dry, itchy skin.
Health

The American Shorthair is a hearty and healthy breed. Some instances of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have been recorded, but it’s unknown if the condition is hereditary. Their flat face also makes the breed more susceptible to ocular and respiratory issues. They are genetically predisposed to mouth and gum disease and their laid-back nature increases their risk of obesity. Reputable breeders test thoroughly to avoid breeding cats with genetic diseases.
Choosing the Best Food for American Shorthair Cats

Because American Shorthairs are generally healthy, a complete and balanced cat food should be sufficient for their needs. If your American puts on weight due to inactivity, however, you may want to consider a healthy weight formula like Purina Pro Plan Focus Adult Weight Management Formula or Purina ONE Healthy Metabolism, and if she regularly develops hairballs, consider a specially formulated cat food to help control them, such as Purina Pro Plan Focus Hairball Management Chicken & Rice Formula.

To explore other products for your American Shorthair, see our Product Selector.
Choosing the Best Food for American Shorthair Kittens

Like several other breeds, American Shorthairs are slow to mature, with many not reaching their full size until 3 or 4 years of age. To support your American kitten’s growth and development, select a complete and balanced kitten food such as Purina Pro Plan Focus Kitten Chicken & Rice Formula or Purina ONE Healthy Kitten Formula during her first year or so of life. Switch her to a complete and balanced adult cat food after her first birthday.

History

American Shorthairs may have descended from other domestic shorthairs brought over on the Mayflower in 1620, or even earlier by the first settlers of Jamestown or even Spanish explorers in Florida.

A 1634 publication credits these domestic shorthairs with saving New England crops from squirrels and chipmunks. They were exhibited at the first U.S. cat show in 1895 and Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) recognized them as a founding breed in 1906.

American Shorthair Cat

American Curl Cat Breed

American Curl Cat Breed

American Curl Cat Breed

American Curl Cat Breed

Size
Small to Medium
Weight
Male: 7 to 10 pounds, Female: 5 to 8 pounds
Coat
Short, Semi-long
Color
White, black, blue, red, cream, chocolate, lilac, silver, golden, plus various patterns and shadings

 

 

With unique ears that curl back, and an inquisitive expression reminiscent of happy surprise, the American Curl brings a smile to everyone who meets her.

Facts

American Curl kittens are born with straight ears that begin to curl backward after three to five days.

Temperament

A friendly, people-oriented breed, American Curls are known as the Peter Pan of cats because they retain their kitten-like personality throughout life. With her outstanding temperament, the Curl makes an affectionate soulmate and easily adjusts to other pets and children.

Characteristics

The American Curl has distinctive curled ears that form a graceful arc, giving her an alert, perky expression. In addition to their ears, Curls are known for their silky, flat coat which can be long or short.

Lifespan

13+ years

Colors

The American Curl’s coat can be brown, white, black, blue, red, cream, chocolate, lilac, silver or golden, with various patterns and shadings.

Shedding

The American Curl has two coat varieties: shorthair and longhair. Both coats are low-shedding.

Like other shorthaired breeds, shorthair Curls need only weekly brushing, while longhair Curls should be brushed twice a week to help reduce matting and tangles.
Health

Due to a large gene pool, the American Curl is a generally healthy breed with no common genetic health issues. However, her ears should be checked and cleaned often to prevent infection.
Best Cat Food for American Curl Cats & Kittens

American Curls will generally thrive on the nutrition of a quality adult cat food. For Curls who need help with weight management, consider a healthy weight formula.

American Curl kittens should eat a kitten food for their first year of life to aid in their growth and development.

History

The American Curl is a pedigree breed with humble beginnings—specifically a stray, longhaired black female cat with curled ears who showed up (and decided to stay) at the Lakewood, California home of Joe and Grace Ruga in 1981.

Shulamith, as she was named, is the original American Curl to which all pedigreed Curls can be traced. When she gave birth to curl-eared kittens about six months later, the debate about the genetic origins of the “novelty” ears began, followed by a selective breeding program to develop a show breed.

Renowned feline geneticist Roy Robinson analyzed data from 81 litters (383 kittens), and found that the ear-curling gene is autosomal dominant, so a cat with even one copy of the gene will show the trait.

American Bobtail Cat Breed

American Curl Cat Breed

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American Bobtail Cat Breed

American Bobtail Cat Breed

Size
Medium to Large
Weight
Male: 12 to 16 pounds, Female: 7 to 11 pounds
Coat
Short, Medium, Long
Color
White, black, blue, red, cream, chocolate, lavender, cinnamon, fawn, plus various patterns and shadings

 

The American Bobtail is an athletic breed that looks like a bobtailed wildcat and has many dog-like tendencies.

Facts

The American Bobtail has a naturally short bobtail that can be seen clearly above the back when she is alert. No tail is exactly the same, but the average length is 1 to 4 inches.
American Bobtails make excellent therapy pets.
Bobtails are slow to mature, taking two to three years to reach adult size.

Temperament

Despite their somewhat wild appearance, American Bobtails are devoted companion cats who fit perfectly into families. Social and easygoing, they get along well with children and other four-legged pets.

Confident and friendly, Bobtails are highly intelligent pets with dog-like personalities. They love games like fetch and hide-and-seek, and even enjoy walking on a leash with their people.

Characteristics

The American Bobtail bears a distinct resemblance to a bobtailed wildcat. From her markings and alert, hunter’s gaze to her short, expressive tail, her appearance suggests a scaled-down version of that wild cat.

Lifespan

13 to 15 years

Colors

The American Bobtail’s coat can come in any pattern, including black, brown, chocolate, cinnamon, blue, lilac, fawn, red and cream, with or without white.

Shedding

The American Bobtail is a moderate shedding breed. Whether medium or long, her coat requires brushing only a couple of times a week to remove loose hair.

Health

American Bobtails are a very strong and healthy breed, with little known about genetic predisposition to health problems. However, they may develop hip dysplasia, and tailless American Bobtails can have spinal problems that affect their ability to control defecation.

Best Cat Food for American Bobtail Cats & Kittens

American Bobtails will generally thrive on the nutrition of a quality adult cat food. For Bobtails who need help with weight management, consider a healthy weight formula.

American Bobtail kittens should eat a kitten food for their first year of life to aid in their growth and development.

History

Initially, the American Bobtail developed through natural selection. The breed’s foundation lies in feral domestic cats that had natural bobtails.

Purposeful development of the breed began in the late 1960s, when John and Brenda Sanders were vacationing in the American southwest. They brought home a brown tabby kitten with a short tail, whom they found during their travels.

The kitten later mated with the couple’s non-pedigreed domestic color point cat. Their kittens inherited the distinctive short tail, and attracted the attention of cat fanciers, who saw the possibility of a new breed of cats.

Through selective breeding, the American Bobtail breed was officially established.

American Bobtail Cat Breed